The report draws together an evidence base that demonstrates beyond question the need for enhanced governance coordination between terrestrial activities and marine resources.

    The report

      ​Governing Coastal Resources: Implications for a Sustainable Blue Economy

      Download the Full Report: EN
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      Download the Factsheet: EN  |  AR  |  CH  |  FR  |  RU  |  SP

      Coastal resources - including fish, minerals and energy - are critical to people, nature and the economy, and are a focus for the emerging sustainable blue economy agenda. It has long been recognized that a particular challenge in coastal areas is the management of land-based activities that generate detrimental impacts on coastal resources in the marine environment. Many of these pressures are negative externalities of land-based human activities that are not taken into account within existing resource-governance frameworks. Therefore, the development of improved approaches to land-sea governance that take account of how land-based activities affect the quality and availability of coastal resources is the focus of this report.

      This global study used a Drivers, Pressures, State, Impact, Response (DPSIR) framework to assess how global scale drivers are pushing the development of land-based activities (pressures), which in turn affect the quality and availability (state) of coastal resources. The impact of changing coastal resources on a selection of sustainable blue economy sectors was then considered. Following a review of existing coastal governance approaches that support land-sea coordination, and a detailed evaluation of the governance arrangements in the extractive and aquaculture sectors, the study presents an analysis of possible governance responses that can better account for, and ideally reduce, the effects of land-based activities on coastal resources and thereby support the transition to a sustainable blue economy.

      Learn the key findings of the report in 3 minutes (watch the Spanish version here)

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      Recommended citation: IRP (2021). Governing Coastal Resources: Implications for a Sustainable Blue Economy. Fletcher, S., Lu, Y., Alvarez, P., McOwen, C., Baninla, Y., Fet, A.M., He, G., Hellevik, C., Klimmek, H., Martin, J., Mendoza Alfaro, R., Philis, G., Rabalais, N., Rodriguez Estrada, U., Wastell, J., Winton, S., Yuan, J. A. Report of the International Resource Panel. United Nations Environment Programme. Nairobi, Kenya.



      Additional resources

      Did you know?

      13% of the global urban population lives in coastal areas.

      Did you know?

      The global ocean-based economy is estimated to be worth $3 trillion USD per year, which is five% of global GDP.


      Did you know?

      80% of marine pollution originates on land.

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